Friday, February 17, 2006

Wheat Crisis Survival

Wheat is doomed to lose its battle against drought and disease - but there is a way to keep on supplying the world's daily bread.

WHEAT, the chief ingredient in everything from Ethiopian flat breads and Indian chapattis to French baguettes and American doughnuts, faces a crisis. Unless something drastic is done, climate change, disease and drought will ravage the crop that is the main source of food for 2 billion people.

Fortunately, a strategy is emerging to save wheat from oblivion. It involves neither genetic engineering nor subtle changes to farming techniques. Instead, the plant is being recreated over again from scratch. And test plantings of these "synthetic" wheats are raising hopes they will be resilient enough to feed billions of people well into the next century.

As plants go, wheat is a bit of a freak, originating some 30,000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent of Mesopotamia, in what is now Iraq, when two unrelated wild grasses Triticum urartu and Aegilops speltoides came together in a genetic accident, hybridising to create "emmer wheat",


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AGRI-INFO/FEBRUARY 17, 2006


TITLE: WHEAT CRISIS SURVIVAL


ALAM BA NINYO NA NAHAHARAP DAW ANG BUONG DAIGDIG SA MATINDING KRISIS SA SUPLAY O PRODUKSIYON NG TRIGO O WHEAT?

ANG SANHI NG GANITONG WHEAT CRISIS AY DAHIL SA NARARANASANG MATINDING PAGBABAGO SA ATING KLIMA TULAD NG MATINDING TAGTUYOT AT PAGLAGANAP NG SAKIT SA TANIM NA TRIGO.

ALAM NAMAN NATIN NA SADYANG MAHALAGA ANG TRIGO DAHIL SA ITO ANG PANGUNAHING SANGKAP MATERYALES SA PAGGAWA NG TINAPAY HINDI LAMANG SA ETHIOPIA, INDIA HANGGANG SA PRANSIYA AT AMERIKA KUNDI MAGING DITO SA PILIPINAS.

KUNG ANO ANG PARAAN NA NAIISIP NG MGA EKSPERTO, HINDI NAKAPALOOB DITO ANG GENETIC ENGINEERING O PAGBABAGO SA FARMING TECHNIQUES KUNDI MAAARI ITONG LIKHAIN SA PAMAMAGITAN NG PAGGAWA NG SYNTHETIC WHEATS.

SA PAMAMAGITAN UMANO NG ARTIPISYAL NA TRIGO AY MATUTUGUNAN ANG MATINDING DEMAND NG WHEAT PARA MAPAKAIN ANG MAY 2 BILYUNG KATAO NA ITINUTURING ITONG PANGUNAHING PAGKAIN.

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