Monday, May 08, 2006

Black Pearl: Beauty With a Bite

A new culinary ornamental pepper bred by Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists in Beltsville, Md., is earning accolades in the gardening community.

The eye-catching Black Pearl, released in 2005, was honored as a 2006 All-America Selections (AAS) winner. The award recognizes new flower and vegetable varieties that demonstrate “superior garden performance” in trials conducted throughout the country.

With moderately shiny black leaves and glossy fruits that ripen from black to red, Black Pearl offers a temptation few pepper enthusiasts can resist.

ARS plant geneticists John Stommel, of the Plant Sciences Institute’s Vegetable Laboratory, and Robert Griesbach, of the U.S. National Arboretum’s Floral and Nursery Plants Research Unit, collaborated to breed this popular prize-winner.

How does a plant become an AAS winner?The first step in breeding any new pepper cultivar is to select the desired characteristics -- in this case, dark leaves and densely clustered, round, black fruits.

It took years to refine Black Pearl’s striking appearance and spicy flavor. Once perfected, it underwent hundreds of trials to determine its response to different environments.

Stommel and Griesbach tested Black Pearl with help from private-sector cooperator PanAmerican Seed Company, Elburn, Ill., which entered the plant in the AAS competition.In trials, Black Pearl thrived in a variety of environments throughout the country.

In addition, it resisted the ravages of drought, as well as of many insects and fungi. Robust, attractive and tasty, Black Pearl was a natural winner -- and the AAS judges weren’t the only ones to think so. Since it went on the market, more than 2 million seeds have been sold.


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AGRI-INFO/MAY 8, 2006


TITLE: BLACK PEARL: BEAUTY WITH A BITE


ALAM BA NINYO NA NATUKLASAN NG MGA EKSPERTO ANG ISANG BAGONG CULINARY ORNAMENTAL PEPPER NA TINAWAG SA PANGALANG BLACK PEARL?

ANG BLACK PEARL ORNAMENTAL PEPPER NA ITO AY MERONG TAGLAY NA MAKINTAB NA KULAY ITIM NA DAHON AT MAKIKINTAB NA BUNGA NA KAPAG NAHINOG AY NAGBABAGO ANG KULAY MULA ITIM SA PULA.

SA KATUNAYAN, ANG BLACK PEARL NA ITO AY IDINEKLARANG NANALO SA 2006 ALL AMERICA SELECTIONS KUNG SAAN KINIKILALA DITO ANG BAGONG BULAKLAK AT VEGETABLE VARIETIES PARA SA TINATAWAG NA SUPERIOR GARDEN PERFORMANCE.

DAHIL DITO, NAGKASUNDO SINA ARS PLANT GENETICISTS JOHN STOMMEL NG PLANT SCIENCES INSTITUTE VEGETABLE LABORATORY AT ROBERT GRIESBACH NG US NATIONAL ARBORETUM FLORAL AND NURSERY PLANTS RESEARCH UNIT, NA ISAILALIM SA BREEDING ANG NATURANG ORNAMENTAL PEPPER VARIETY.

KUNG BAKIT NAGKAROON NG GANITONG URI NG ORNAMENTAL PEPPER VARIETY, BINUSISING MABUTI NG MGA EKSPERTO ANG MGA PEPPER CULTIVAR AT PINILI NILA ANG MGA KATANGIAN NA ANGKOP SA KANILANG PANLASA TULAD NG DARK LEAVES AT CLUSTER, ROUND, BLACK FRUITS.

SAKA GUMUGOL NG MARAMING TAON PARA MATIMPLANG MABUTI HANGGANG SA ANG RESULTA AY ANG BLACK PEARL NA HINDI MO MAAARING TANGGIHAN ANG KANYANG PAGIGING BLACK BEAUTY AT NAPAKA-SWABENG ANGHANG.

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