Saturday, May 27, 2006

Relaxed Management of Cattle Has Benefits

Style matters, even when managing livestock, according to Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists who have found that proper management of cattle helps to develop a calm herd--and leads to other benefits as well.

Recently retired animal scientist John Stuedemann and other researchers before him at ARS' J. Phil Campbell, Sr., Natural Resource Conservation Center in Watkinsville, Ga., have conducted forage research with their resident herd of Angus cattle that was first established in the 1950s.

The cattle are given “disposition scores” from finishing companies, in this case Tri-County Steer Carcass Futurity in Lewis, Iowa. Calves receive scores from 1 to 5 during each trip through the cattle chute. A score of 1 means the calf is especially docile, while a score of 5 indicates it’s extremely rambunctious.

Most of the Watkinsville cattle scores range from 1.0 to 1.9, and most are below1.5. Stuedemann’s philosophy is that because the researchers handle them so much, it’s important for the animals to be as calm as possible. Any excitable or unstable cattle are removed to lessen the risk of injury to staffers, especially student workers.

Management methods have also been modified to keep the herd relaxed. Aids that were sometimes used to restrain or hurry cattle along were removed from the Watkinsville location a long time ago, according to Stuedemann.

Cattle are more likely to go through the chutes calmly when pain is removed from the experience. This conditioning allows researchers to move the animals through the chutes for monthly weigh-ins without incident.

While calm cattle make life easier for those handling them, Tri-County also finds the health and average daily weight gain of the cattle to be excellent. In the five years of custom feeding with Tri-County, the approximately 800 head of steers and heifers posted average daily weight gains ranging from 3.1 to 4.6 pounds.

Only 30 of the animals graded “Select,” while the rest graded “Choice” or better. A total of 381 head earned the “Certified Angus Beef” labelRead more about the research in the May 2006 issue of Agricultural Research magazine, available online at: http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/AR/archive/may06/cattle0506.htm.

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AGRI-INFO/MAY 27, 2006



TITLE: RELAXED MANAGEMENT OF CATTLE HAS BENEFITS


ALAM BA NINYO NA ANG TAMANG PANGANGASIWA SA INYONG MGA ALAGANG HAYOP AY MERONG DAGDAG NA BENEPISYO PARA SA MGA ALAGANG HAYOP AT SA MISMONG NAG-AALAGA?

ITO ANG DAHILAN KUNG BAKIT NAGSAGAWA NG MASUSING PANANALIKSIK ANG ISANG GRUPO NG MGA EKSPERTO SA PANGUNGUNA NI RETIRED ANIMAL SCIENTIST JOHN STUEDEMANN SA FORAGE PARA SA KANILANG RESIDENT HERD NG ANGUS CATTLE.

ANG CATTLE AY BINIGYAN NG TINATAWAG NA DISPOSITION SCORES KUNG SAAN ANG MGA BAKA AY BINIGYAN NG SCORE NA 1 HANGGANG 5 SA BAWAT BIYAHE NG MGA ITO SA PAMAMAGITAN NG CATTLE CHUTE.

ANG SCORE NA 1 AY NANGANGAHULUGAN NA ANG BAKA AY ESPECIALLY DOCILE, ANG SCORE NA 5 ANG BAKA AY RAMBUNCTIOUS.

SA PILOSOPIYA NI STUEDEMANN, DAHIL SA NAPAKAGANDA NG HANDLING SA MGA BAKA MAHALAGANG MAPANATILI SILA KALMADO.

ANG ANUMANG EXCITABLE O UNSTABLE CATTLE AY INAALIS PARA MAIBSAN ANG PANGANIB NA MAGING SANHI NG PAGKASUGAT LALU NA SA MGA NAG-AALAGA.

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