Saturday, June 24, 2006

Para grass, rice straw, and molasses: The cheap combo to fatten goats

Goat definitely, is a low-maintenance animal.

They can survive and grow with just grass and woody feed. Goats are raised by almost all farmers considering land size, location, and cropping pattern.

These animals are considered complementary to both food crops and tree crop-based farming systems so they can be grown in all different types of farming systems.

In the Philippines, buffalo and goats are considered largely as backyard animals. Although raising goats is not as demanding as piggery or poultry, like any ruminants, goats also require more nutrient-rich diet to produce quality milk and meat. But achieving this does not have to be expensive.

One of the greatest concerns among goat raisers today is producing quality pasture forage. A key strategy to address this concern is to include not only a diversity of forage species to compose its feeds but also to ensure that the goats will grow to their market potential.

In a recent study conducted by Dr. Ali Karimi Rizi of the Gregorio Araneta University, he determined the potential of a specially-combined feed to the maximum weight gains of the goats.

The goat feed is mainly composed of rice straw (Oryza sativa) and para grass (Bracharia mutica) supplemented with molasses. These are waste products that are easily available in the farm. They are not only cheap but good for the environment as farm wastes are being used as goat feed.

To determine the effect of the formulated goat feed, the study used 25 growing-fattening goats. Five treatment rations were used for the study, each consisting of different percentage of para grass, rice straw, and molasses. Maximum weight gains of the goats were observed and recorded to determine the effects.

Result of the study showed significant increase in the weight gains of the goats. Specifically, the ration consisting of 60% rice straw and 40% para grass supplemented with 10% molasses—gave the highest significant increase in gain weight.

It also gave the highest net profit of P1, 245. This ration showed that it is the most palatable among the ration treatments as the goats fed with it consumed the highest amount of feeds (1.69 kg). This was observed during the first month to the last few months of the study period.

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AGRI-INFO/JUNE 24, 2006



TITLE: PARA GRASS, RICE STRAW AND MOLASSES COMBO TO FATTEN GOATS


ALAM BA NINYO NA ANG KAMBING AY MAITUTURING NA “LOW-MAINTAINED ANIMAL” DAHIL MAAARI ITONG MABUHAY AT LUMAKI KAHIT NA ANG IPINAPAKAIN DITO AY MADAMO AT MAKAHOY NA PAGKAIN?

ALAM NAMAN NATIN NA ANG KAMBING AY KARANIWANG INAALAGAAN NG HALOS LAHAT NG MGA MAGSASAKA ALINSUNOD SA LAWAK NG SAKAHAN, LOKASYON NITO AT SISTEMA NG PAGTATANIM.

DITO SA PILIPINAS AY MAITUTURING NA BACKYARD ANIMALS ANG MGA KAMBING, BAGAMAN HINDI NAMAN ITO KASING TINDI NG DEMAND TULAD NG SA BABUYAN AT MANUKAN, TULAD NG IBA PANG RUMINANT, ANG KAMBING AY NANGANGAILANGAN NG SAPAT NA PAGKAIN AT SUSTANSIYA.

ITO AY NAGLALAYONG MATIYAK NA MAGANDA ANG KALIDAD NG GATAS NITO AT MAGING NG KARNE NITO PARA SA MGA KUMAKAIN NG KAMBING.

DITO NADISKUBRE NI DR. ALI KARIMI RIZI NG GREGORIO ARANETA UNIVERSITY, ANG PAKINABANG MULA SA KUMBINASYON NG RICE STRAW, PARA GRASS AT MOLASSES.

MAITUTURING NA WASTE PRODUCTS ANG KUMBINASYONG ITO, NGUNIT PARA SA KAMBING AY MALAKI ITONG PAKINABANG DAHIL SA NAKAPAGPAPABIGAT SA TIMBANG NITO.

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