Saturday, June 10, 2006

Quelling Trade Brush Fires with Science

What do Algeria, Aruba, Brazil, Canada, China, Cuba, Romania and Vietnam have in common?
All of them have been at the center of a scientific question with trade or other burning international implications for themselves or the United States. And all the questions were resolved through work of the Agricultural Research Service.

While the questions varied, time was always of the essence in settling the situations, according to an article in the May issue of the agency's Agricultural Research magazine.

In 2000, for example, Brazil banned U.S. wheat imports because of fears of the wheat seed gall nematode. That was serious business, because Brazil is the largest buyer of U.S. wheat in South America. But the ban was lifted in early 2001 after ARS researchers proved to the Brazilians' satisfaction that the nematodes were not a threat.

According to ARS nematologist David Chitwood, the Brazilians came to ARS because the agency has the most expertise in identifying nematodes and, as a nonregulatory science agency, has nothing at stake in a trade issue.

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AGRI-INFO/JUNE 10, 2006


TITLE: QUELLING TRADE BRUSH FIRES WITH SCIENCE


ALAM BA NINYO KUNG ANO ANG MAITUTURING NA IISANG PAGKAKAPAREHO NG MGA BANSANG ALGERIA, ARUBA, BRAZIL, CANADA, CHINA, CUBA, ROMANIA AND VIETNAM?

ITO AY KANILANG TIWALA SA MGA PANGUNAHING MANANALIKSIK SA BUONG MUNDO ANG AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE NG USDA NA PALAGI NILANG TAKBUHAN KAPAG MAY PROBLEMA SA KANILANG SAKAHAN.

TULAD NA LAMANG NG BRAZIL SA KANILANG PROBLEMA SA MGA PANGUNAHIN NILANG TANIM TULAD NG TRIGO NA HINDI MAIIWASANG TAMAAN NG MGA PESTE TULAD NG WHEAT SEED GALL NEMATODE.

NANGYARI ITO NOONG TAONG 2000 AT NAGTAGUMPAY NAMAN DITO ANG MGA HAKBANG NA GINAWA PAGKALIPAS NG ISANG TAON.

NOONG 2004, ANG ARUBA AY INUPAKAN NAMAN NG PESTENG SCREWWORM, ISANG MASAKIT NA PARASITE NA UMAATAKE SA WARM BLOODED ANIMALS MULA LIVESTOCK HANGGANG SA TAO.

NAGAWAN NAMAN ITO NG PARAAN SA PAMAMAGITAN DIN NG ARS SA PAMAMAGITAN NG KANILANG STERILE INSECRT RELEASE TECHNOLOGY.

ILAN LAMANG YAN SA MGA NAGAMPANAN NG ARS SA IBAT-IBANG BANSA AT DITO NAMAN SA PILIPINAS GANITO RIN ANG GINAGAMPANAN NG MGA SIYENTISTA NATIN DITO PARA IBAHAGI RIN ANG KANILANG KAALAMAN HINDI LAMANG SA PILIPINAS KUNDI SA BUONG MUNDO.

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