RP Eyes Stable Citrus Industry
Citrus is one of the most important commercially grown fruits worldwide with a global production of over 102 million metric tons. Brazil, United States, and Mexico are the three top citrus producing countries in the world with a 10-20% increase in production every year.
Meanwhile, the Philippines contributes 163,090 mt or 0.16% to this total world production. Citrus ranks fourth among the fruit crops with the greatest contribution to the country's economy, next to banana, mango, and pineapple.
In the Philippines alone, the national per capita consumption of citrus is 5.2 kg only compared to the 35-40 kg in many developed countries.
In terms of area allotted for production, citrus plantation in the Philippines covers more than 35,000 hectares. Production-wise, citrus is also not far behind especially with calamondin, mandarin, and pummelo which the Philippines widely grows and produces due to their promising potential for development and global competitiveness.
Although the country produces enough citrus for Philippine consumption and still export to other countries still a lot of the produce goes to waste. One major constraint identified is the inefficient postharvest handling system. This is true in Malabing Valley of Kasibu, Nueva Vizcaya, the emerging major citrus growing area in Luzon.
The 'Vizcaya oranges'Nueva Vizcaya is considered the citrus capital of the country. Its soil and climate are conducive for propagating citrus varieties. The area is well known for its “Vizcaya oranges” which are harvested from July to January every year and are brought to different urban markets in Luzon through local traders.
At the heart of this citrus-producing area is the Malabing Valley Multi-purpose Cooperative Inc. (MVMPCI), a cooperative of all the citrus farmers who produce the oranges. The farmer-members themselves propagate the best citrus varieties especially those that command high value in the market such as the Satsuma (Japanese mandarin) and Ponkan (Chinese mandarin).
Farmer-members also produce other varieties like Clementine (US mandarin), Washington navel, Valencia, and Hamlin oranges. These imported varieties have been successfully adapted to local conditions. The potential area that is best suited for citrus production is 2,000 hectares and farmers are hopeful that at least half of this area will be planted with citrus over the next five years.
AGRI-INFO/AUGUST 19, 2006
TITLE: STRENGHTENING THE CITRUS INDUSTRY
ALAM BA NINYO KUNG ANONG MGA BANSA ANG NANGUNGUNA SA PRODUKSIYON NG CITRUS SA BUONG MUNDO?
ITO AY ANG MGA BANSANG BRAZIL, UNITED STATES AT MEXICO KUNG SAAN MERON SILANG 10-20 PERCENT NA PAGTAAS NG PRODUKSIYON SA BAWAT TAON.
ANG PILIPINAS AY MAY KONTRIBUSYON NA 163, 090 METRIC TONS O 0.16% SA KABUUANG PRODUKSIYON NG CITRUS SA BUONG MUNDO.
PANG-APAT ANG CITRUS SA HANAY NG MGA PRUTAS SA BUONG PILIPINAS NA MERONG KONTRIBUSYON SA EKONOMIYA NG BANSA KASUNOD NG BANANA O SAGING, MANGGA AT PINYA.
SA PILIPINAS ANG NATIONAL PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION NG CITRUS AY NAITALA SA 5.2 KILOGRAM KUNG IHAHAMBING SA 35-40 KILOS SA MARAMING MAUUNLAD NA BANSA.
SA NGAYON, ANG CITRUS PLANTATION SA PILIPINAS AY NAITALA SA MAHIGIT 35-LIBONG EKTARYANG LUPAIN KUNG SAAN KARAMIHAN SA MGA ITO AY CALAMONDIN, MANDARIN AT PUMMELO.
ANG LALAWIGAN NG NUEVA VIZCAYA ANG MAITUTURING NA SIYANG CITRUS CAPITAL NG PILIPINAS KUNG SAAN ANG LUPAIN AT KLIMA NITO AY ANGKOP SA PROPAGATION NG CITRUS VARIETIES.
KILALA DITO ANG TINATAWAG NA VIZCAYA ORANGES NA INAANI MULA BUWAN NG JULYO HANGGANG ENERO NG BAWAT TAON .